Someone found a way to cause ExaBGP to mis-behave back in September (2012-09-05) .. The bug was “funny” enough to justify a blog entry, so let’s look at the route which caused it.
If you are in an hurry, the answer to the mystery was that a route contained an ASN which could not fit in a Python integer. The patch to fix the issue was a one liner to change the base class of an ASN from an integer to a long …
Integer size depends on your architecture, on my Macbook Pro it is 64 bits (63 bits signed integer), so the bug did not exist on my development platform ! On the machine affected, however the size of an integer was 32 bit, so the biggest integer possible was 2147483647
>>> sys.maxint 9223372036854775807 >>> pow(2,63)-1 9223372036854775807L >>> pow(2,31)-1 2147483647
Still, no internet registry has yet allocated any ASN with a value near 2147483647, so how can that ASN be found “in the wild” ?
The exact route as parsed by ExaBGP was :
route ipv4 unicast 220.127.116.11/21 next-hop 18.104.22.168 origin igp as-path [ 196621 8758 3356 20485 21127 28884 41771 2737504257 2737504258 41771 ] community [ 3356:2 3356:22 3356:100 3356:123 3356:503 3356:2067 20485:11754 8758:13030 ]
So the route was leaving the autonomous system of 41771 and going back to it, this would indicate a routing loop and can not really happen unless the route was “tweaked”. However looking back at the RFC, this is however still a valid route.
But how can 2737504257 and 2737504258 be in the AS-PATH ! ? ! Clearly a filter is missing, or something went very wrong somewhere !
Looking at the ASN, you can notice something suspicious :
2737504257 is (41771<<16) + 1 known as 41771:1 2737504258 is (41771<<16) + 2 known as 41771:2
I can only conclude the originator must have been using something even more bizarre than ExaBGP and inserted a community in the AS-PATH attribute by error !
So, let’s have a look at who is that network :
aut-num: AS41771 as-name: MKC-OMSK-AS descr: MultiCable Networks LLC
Ha, ha, we are surely right, some crazy russians :D some crazy polite russians to be exact as they replied to a mail I sent and have fixed the issue.
Thank you to Marek for noticing that the ASN looked like a community